The parish of Stoke Lyne stretches from the Ockley Brook on the county boundary with Northamptonshire in the north, to Bainton in the south, and from Hethe Brede Farm in the east to the B430 by Ardley in the west. The landscape has changed considerably in recent years. The M40 junction 10 is on the Ardley boundary. Nearby the Woodland Trust administers Stoke Wood which was formerly part of the Peyton estate. This has a car park and various walks, and is across the B4100 from the Stoke Lyne junction.
The parish includes several farms, a service station at Baynards Green on the B4100 Banbury road, the Peyton Arms public house,farmland and several small woods. The land on which a small primary school stood until 1985 has been redeveloped at St Peter's Close, an area of detached houses. Bicester, together with Bicester Village Retail Centre, lies to the south just 5 miles away and Oxford is 20 miles, Banbury 10 miles to the northwest, and Brackley 6 miles away. Milton Keynes and Aylesbury are northeast and east respectively, each about 23 miles distant.
At the centre of the parish is the village of Stoke Lyne with the church of St Peter. The church building is basically Norman with various additions. It has a Norman chancel arch and fine south doorway including a statue of St Peter. The tower was added in the 14th century. After becoming extremely dilapidated, the church was restored in the middle of the 19th. century and the rectory built at the same time. A few years ago a folding screen was erected to allow part of the church to be used as a parish meeting room, a kitchen and toilets were built. Mr Christopher Warde-Aldam as treasurer of the Parochial Church Council, was greatly involved in making these changes, which have led to a imaginative use of the church building.
The name of Stoke Lyne is from an Old English word 'stoc' meaning cattle farm, and Lyne was added in the 15th century after the Lyne family who were then lords of the manor. Bainton was originally 'Bada's Farm'.
Main village events may include the annual St. Peter's day / Pedstock music event, the Stoke Lyne Diggers' Harvest Festival BBQ, the Senior Citizens' lunch and we are famous for celebrating "en masse" the great Royal occasions..
Throughout the centuries, the village has changed in size and site. At one time most of the village was north of the church in the fields by The Street, on what may have been an open green. In the middle of the 19th century 25 thatched cottages burned down. The manor house (to the south of the church) had fallen into ruins by early 19th century and was eventually pulled down.
The families of Lyne, Holt and Petty lived in Stoke Lyne manor house. The later lords of the manor were the Peyton family, living in Swift's House, just across the Banbury-Bicester Road on the site of an older inn. The Peytons were involved in the building of the school in the 19th. century (it was closed in the 1980's) and with restoration and refurbishing the church building in the 1950s. They left the parish when the motorway was built.
The area was a well-known hunting centre in the 18th and 19th centuries. The Bicester hounds were started at Bainton Manor by John Warde at the end of the 18th century. An obelisk placed in a nearby field as a memorial to a favourite foxhound is a reminder of those days.
The 'Royal George' public house was opened in the 19th. century. It has since been renamed the 'Peyton Arms'.Submitted by Chris Poole, October 2005